MANAGING SECURITY AT THE STAGE OF PLANNING PROJECTS WITH MASSIVE PEOPLE TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE CATEGORY OF COMPLEXITY
Keywords:object with a mass stay of people, security management, security-oriented approach, project management, project environment
AbstractThe informational and literary analysis of the problems of the projects with mass staying of people implementation was conducted. In particular, statistics on the emergence of emergencies caused by their threats, their consequences, and possible causes of their occurrence in objects with a massive stay of people are taken into account and shown. It was identified that classes of consequences the buildings with mass stay of people are characterized by the dynamics of probable financial and social losses that are associated with the completion phase of the project realization, the termination of structure functioning or the loss of its security functions (integrity), which causes risks both for people and for the object. The formalized model-scheme of safety management at the stage of planning of projects with a massive stay of people taking into account the category of complexity is presented and the definition of safety has been formed as a relation between the categories of complexity of objects construction, the classes of consequences and the possible dangers to the lives and health of citizens permanently located on the object, periodically located on the site and which are from the outside. The analysis showed that the existing provisions of the regulatory acts do not always take into account the complexity of the construction and operation of the new type buildings, therefore, the category of the complexity of construction objects is determined on the basis of the classes consequences. On the basis of which the categorization of construction objects complexity, including characteristics of possible consequences of a building or a construction failure, is proposed. Within the framework of the research, the project environment of the project of creation the object with a massive stay of people has been formed and the process of interaction of its elements has been described, which allows obtaining the security effect, which consists in the transition of the system from the planning stage to the completion stage with reliable indicators of life safety.
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