TECHNOLOGY OF CHOOSING AN EFFECTIVE METHODOLOGY OF IT PROJECT MANAGEMENT
Keywords:IT projects; IT project management methodology; choice of methodology; technology of choice
The dependence of the choice of the optimal IT project management methodology on its successful completion is shown. Choosing a management methodology is one of the first decisions a project manager makes. Each of the existing management methodologies for different types of projects has its own pros and cons. Some are designed for speed of software development, others for full compliance, and still others for creativity and continuous improvement. Choosing the best methodology requires a clear understanding of the positive or negative impact on a particular project. There is no universal methodology, so its choice is made individually for each project, focusing on its goals, scale, complexity, deadlines, professionalism and discipline of the team. This is necessary because some methodologies allow you to speed up development, while others make it more thorough, eliminate the risk of significant problems, errors or product flaws. That is, each management methodology is focused on different aspects and features of projects, therefore, a combination of several methodologies at once is possible. The main objective of the article was to find out to what extent a specific approach meets the goals and characteristics of an IT project. The process of analyzing, evaluating and selecting the appropriate methodology was based on the Organizational Project Management Maturity Model (OPM3), an Organizational Project Management Maturity Model. With this in mind, the analysis of the essence and principles of IT project management methodologies and software product creation has been carried out. The most popular of the existing approaches are considered, their content, history of formation, advantages and disadvantages, as well as areas of application for different types of IT projects are determined. Comparison of these approaches was performed according to the selected criteria. A vision of the formation of an integral assessment of the choice of the optimal methodology for a specific IT project has been formed. To automate the adoption of design decisions on the basis of the proposed integral assessment, a technology was proposed for choosing the optimal methodology for the selected design indicators.
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